Tuesday, May 3, 2011

CHINA - Tuck snipers in range

What difference is there between the arrest of the artist Ai Weiwei and sentenced to eleven years in prison writer Liu Xiaobo? Ai Weiwei risk there to bail a penalty as severe as that Liu Xiaobo bleed? [A week after his arrest, authorities said he was suspected of economic crimes, but his family always knew where he was detained.] At first glance, the two men have much in common: both are critical Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and no concessions to the Beijing authorities, they have both been arrested for crimes of opinion.

But in reality, the arrest of Ai Weiwei highlights problems much more serious, particularly on human rights and freedom of expression. Liu Xiaobo is a writer, a university professor, he has his own political agenda and wants the establishment in China of a constitutional democracy. Charter 08, he initiated [with other intellectuals], is specifically designed to implement his political ideas.

Although Liu Xiaobo expresses opinions rather moderate, it was ever delivered to a reversal of the communist regime and the Charter 08 is not far from the Chinese Constitution, the implementation of its political program would involve the overthrow of current regime and the loss of power by the CCP.

This has led it to declare that Liu Xiaobo was subversive and therefore strike hard. As for the artist Ai Weiwei, is someone who has strong family back: his father, the famous poet Ai Qing, whose works have had a strong impact in the years 1930 and 1940 and was vice-president of the Chinese Writers Association, was also an important part of the CCP, with a rank equivalent to deputy minister.

To express his patriotic sentiments, Prime Minister Wen Jiabao moreover recited in public to one of his poems entitled "I love this land": "Why often tears in my eyes Because I love this land deeply. " Ai Weiwei has himself a great reputation and is a very influential (former professor at the Institute of Fine Arts at Tsinghua University, Chen Danqing, said that he is the Andy Warhol Chinese).

But it is above all a strong personality, a freedom loving man, described as a "maverick of the Chinese society" in an editorial Huanqiu Shibao, a newspaper Renmin Ribao dependent, the organ of the CCP. An expression very relevant if we consider the statements, the works and life of the artist Ai Weiwei.

But do not go his own way and act deserves maverick he really be punished? Admittedly, his statements are highly virulent he violently criticized the CCP to blame the intellectuals and imprison them constantly for crimes of opinion. He even went so far as to say that "this power is supported by shameless liars." Through his creations, he lashed various social injustices and denounced the abuse of power.

He turned to ridicule the government, seeking to show the absurdity of the system. Such pronouncements irritating natural rulers. Yet Mao Tse-tung said: "There is no harm to speak, and whoever plays worth warned." Wen Jiabao said his side will create the conditions for the population criticize the government and monitor its activities.

The editorial Huanqiu Shibao noted that it had become common for citizens to express their opinions on the Internet, demonstrating the progress made on human rights. So how is it that stops a citizen for some unpleasant criticism? Ai Weiwei was not involved in politics, nor has any political agenda.

He was content to think and act freely. For this reason alone, it was removed without a trace before being charged five days later to have committed economic crimes. Practices even more absurd than the works of Ai Weiwei "The conviction of Liu Xiaobo on Christmas Day [2009] foreshadowed a major crackdown by the authorities against dissidents, and was intended to prevent a reversal of power, the arrest Ai Weiwei says about it that the CCP has decided to restrict all communication forum, and not supporting even more derision or irony.

Before the Beijing Olympics in August 2008 to provide an idyllic image of the country and not to lie to the slogan "A chance for China, a wonder of the world", the Beijing authorities had made many concessions: they had loosened their grip and ceded some ground of expression; foreign journalists had been able to investigate freely in China, and block the most sensitive foreign Web sites had been lifted.

Three places were even attributed to official events. But the Games, not only everything is back as before, but repression was even worse. Guo Quan (teacher at Nanjing University), Liu Xiaobo, Huang Qi, Tan Zuoren have all paid the price for this rebate to not post-Olympic [with sentences of imprisonment].

Even the lawyer, defender of individual rights, Gao Zhisheng, who had just been released from prison, was jailed [his disappearance has been criticized by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention of the UN, who requested his release]. This strong political repression is now its extension in the fight against gatherings "jasmine" [in which an anonymous blogger called, see No.

1064]. Thus penalizing the "maverick" Ai Weiwei, no doubt the Beijing authorities want to pass the 1.3 billion Chinese the following message: there is no question you will miss the right path, you are not allowed to play the Mavericks, are tolerated only a thought and conduct "unified" everyone must be the slave of the party.

Admittedly, it's not like during the Cultural Revolution [1966 to Mao's death in 1976], when all who did not obey party orders or did not follow the lead of Chairman Mao were considered as "enemies" and consequently suffered the "dictatorship of the people" (they were beaten, humiliated and thrown in barns), but the substance is the same.

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