Friday, June 3, 2011

Spain sold military equipment to Gadhafi in 2010 for 11.2 million euros

Madrid .- Spain sold defense equipment to Libya in 2010 with a value of 11.2 million euros, delivered in full to the Armed Forces led by Muammar Gaddafi, but the main customer for this industry was Venezuela, which bought two ships monitoring for 212 million euros. In total, the report of the Secretary of State for Foreign Trade on the export of defense equipment, other material and dual-use technology, which has had access to Europa Press, Spain sold during last year military equipment worth 1,128,302.781 euros, more than 200 million euros less than in 2009, when sales of such material added 1.346 million euros.

These sales are EUR 11.2 million paid by the Gaddafi regime, of which 3.4 million were incurred in the chapter of 'aircraft' and 7.8 to 'imaging equipment or countermeasure. " These sales occurred months before they took place the wave of protests that ended with a brutal repression of the Libyan regime and the subsequent intervention of a group of allied countries that culminated in a NATO operation in which Spain participates.

Indeed, Spain has contributed four fighter planes and two refueling aircraft to create a no-fly zone over Libyan territory. Also participating in the naval arms embargo, a frigate, a submarine and maritime surveillance aircraft. On March 9, ten days before the commencement of the multinational operation, the Prime Minister, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, announced in Congress that the Executive had decided to withdraw two licenses for the export of defense equipment to Libya were suspended provisionally on 22 February.

Libya was not the only country that has been rocked by protests and known as 'Arab spring', repressed to a greater or lesser extent, which in 2010 bought weapons and defense equipment to Spanish companies. Other customers: Egypt and Tunisia in particular, Egypt purchased material for 2.5 million euros, mostly land vehicle, but also aircraft, munitions and energetic materials, in 97.14% of the cases acquired by its armed forces .

Customers were also Saudi Arabia (5.8 million euros, mostly in land vehicle for armed forces), Algeria (3.1 million euros in the chapter on aircraft), Bahrain (EUR 40 690 bombs, torpedoes, rockets or missiles to their hosts), Morocco (2.5 million euros in aviation industry also for its armed forces), Oman (3.1 million euros in bombs, torpedoes, rockets or missiles for their troops) and Tunisia (778,480 euros in the same chapter as the Omanis, but for private companies).

The 18.79% of total exports are Venezuela, with the purchase of two surveillance vessels became the largest buyer, followed by Mexico (six aircraft and spare parts for 126.43 million euro) Czech Republic (four aircraft and parts, for 104.13 million euros) and the United Kingdom and Germany, for pieces and parts of Eurofighter (with 82.3 and 57.12 million euros, respectively).

Among the clients of Spain is also Israel, which purchased such material by 1.42 million euros, of which 1.2 million belong to the chapter of bombs, torpedoes, rockets and missiles. Exports to Israel, the 87.44% target was to Armed Forces, 10.6% to the private sector and 1.96% of the public company.

The document also includes the export of so-called "other riot gear and weapons for hunting and sport type" during the past year. In the case of riot gear, led to 1.9 million euros (although at first operations were authorized 14.5 million) and had one customer for Venezuela (1.62 million euros in tear devices and parts for armed forces) and Peru (340,189 euros, the same material and also for your hosts).

Meanwhile, weapons for hunting and sport shooting exports were 30.9 million euros, the main U.S. customers (4.09 million shotguns and cartridges) and Turkey (3.4 million in the same material .) Nearly 400 million dual-use equipment to Iran Finally, the report contains statistics on exports of so-called "products and dual-use" military and civilian exports in 2010 totaled 97.32 million euros, of the largest recipient was Iran, with purchases by 39.22 million euros.

Specifically, as set out herein, all material sales were acquired in 99.9% of cases of "public enterprise" and "treatment of materials." This chapter includes "bearings, crucibles, machine tools, isostatic presses, measuring instruments, robots, motion simulators and machining centers." They are also among the importers Venezuela (4.9 million euros in materials and chemicals, 'micro' and 'toxins', 100% for private companies) and U.S.

(4.9 million euros, mostly Chapter of products for the 'treatment of materials'). Although the three different types of exports contained in the report include denials of operations, are particularly significant in the case of dual-use equipment, as were 14 cases of operations not allowed by the "risk of diversion" for " production of weapons of mass destruction.

" Of the 14 refusals, six were licenses for Syria, four to Yemen, three to Iran and Pakistan, two for Sudan and for Pakistan. On exports of military items there was only one refusal to sell all-terrain vehicles to the Republic of Guinea "existence of the risk that the equipment will be diverted to an unauthorized use within the buyer country or re-exported under conditions not wanted for failing to offer sufficient guarantees the end user importer.

" In the chapter on hunting guns and shooting, there was also a denial of a license to sell game cartridges to Guinea Bissau "risk of diversion." In riot gear is not pulled back any file.

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