Tuesday, May 10, 2011

GERMANY - The Greens climbing, climbing ...

March 28, 1983, a colorful parade through the city of Bonn. Amid a din of drums and maracas, a huge globe grew beards in the streets while others were lying dead wood, a symbol of the impact of industrial civilization on nature. Amazed onlookers watched the procession through the quiet streets of what was then the German capital.

The Greens were entering the Bundestag in the manner of aliens landing in the sacrosanct policy of German post-war. Twenty-eight years later, observing Winfried Kretschmann - called to be the premier environmentalist president of Germany [Baden-Württemberg] - is striking, however, its normality.

Nothing in him should not remind the representative of the subculture and alternative ecologist whose heirs have, in the regional elections of 27 March, a step toward the political center of the Republic. Finite eccentricity. In reality, what astonishes most about Kretschmann is to see how the environmental movement has become bourgeois, normal and reasonable.

A company acquired at a time when ecology Baden-Württemberg its revolution, the ideas of the Green Party back in power and are increasingly consensus. Its members have nothing to marginal. The Greens have matured, they say. Doing so is careful to say that the metamorphosis of the Greens has followed the evolution of a German company acquired more and more to ecology.

No member would go green today sworn in as Petra Kelly did his time in Bonn [see timeline] and swear "never betray the movement." Similarly, no current Green MP would express his love of peace in blood red paint spraying an American officer. The days of their convention turned into pitched battles and insults rain is gone, the Greens will not grow up in arms against militarism, industrialism, racism or sexism.

When that happens, it takes rather an air of nostalgia caricature. Before entering parliament, the Greens were wondering what a "party-movement" could wait established institutions. Their opinion was that we should use the Parliament as a venue for expression of extra-parliamentary opposition which they were derived: for peace, women's rights, ecology, and against nuclear power.

Later, their entry to Parliament was the emergence of new issues. Being part of the official opposition, fine, but could be introduced to the dispute within the government? Nothing better illustrates the idea that sneakers pristine Joschka Fischer in 1985, when he was sworn in as the first Minister of the Environment's Green Earth.

The Greens made their debut in the art of government [Hesse]. There followed years of infighting between supporters of Realpolitik or a fundamentalist opposition between pragmatic, opportunistic and pure doctrinaire. In 1990, after the Fall, the Greens lost all their seats in the Bundestag with the slogan "They all speak of Germany, we, we talk about the weather" [hijacking of a Marxist slogan FRG "They all speak of the weather, we in politics"].

In the middle of the reunification process, they turned away from national concerns to worry about the climate, pushing the casualness of Sponti [leftist groups spontaneists] to electoral suicide. This episode could mark their end. However, two legislatures later, in 1998, they entered the government.

No party has survived many crises and internal destructive energy. Credibility antinuclear If the Greens have always managed to get up, because they defended the idea of the century. They brought the ecology in the German political landscape. Even within them, environmental imperatives have always been stronger than ideological or personal disagreements that regularly put their lives at risk.

No other party has experienced the power of such a brutal manner. In 1999, less than six months after their entry into government, the Greens were voting for the war in Kosovo. What many interpreted as pure opportunism appeared in the eyes of others as the emergence of a sense of responsibility on the part of a pacifist party, and yet ready to use military force to protect people in danger.

The nuclear issue also forced them to swap their positions for some radical pragmatism. It also had little impact on their opposition to nuclear power as their credibility. Today, their original hostility to nuclear power has enabled them to win in Baden-Wuerttemberg. That sheds new light on the approximation that takes place over the last thirty years between the Greens and the German company.

Environmentalists are in fact not only become consensual. The Germans have embraced their ideas. Today, 80% of the population shares their views on nuclear power. The Greens and the Germans also found themselves on the issue of pacifism. This also applies to the Merkel government, which opposes military action in Libya and accelerates the process of nuclear power.

Difficult to find most striking evidence of change in German society. Therefore, it is more surprising to see a grizzled old leftist and founder member of the Greens [Kretschmann] announced that it will now serve his country as minister-president [of Baden-Württemberg]. The Greens will now have responsibility for a region essential for the economy.

If the experiment succeeds, no doubt that their relationship with the public will be strengthened. Perhaps the Christian Democrats (CDU / CSU) will they ever be forced to ally with the Greens. As minority partners.

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