Friday, April 29, 2011

War maps in the Buddhist paradise

The struggle waged Shiva and Arjuna in the eleventh century played a lintel of Hindu temple of Preah Vihear is on track to moving to the border, so vague as flammable, between Thailand and Cambodia. In less than a week have killed six soldiers of the Army of Bangkok, seven of Phnom Penh and a local farmer, the first civilian casualty of combat that seem to gain in intensity at times.

Some 55,000 people have already been displaced from their homes and lands. "We are now fighting to recur not only in the area of Preah Vihear, but also in some parts of the western area of the border. We do not know what this evolution will continue. Of course, does not look good" comments on the situation Juan Manuel Lopez Nadal, Spain's ambassador in Bangkok between 2004 and 2009.

For those from the summer will serve as Consul General in Hong Kong (31-year diplomatic career endorse him), whether the nth stage of friction between two countries, Buddhist religion as the source of the conflict are well known. "None of the two countries has been able to accept another point of view on the delineation of the border," sums up the struggle sovereigntist an area of 4.6 square miles that he calls "war of maps" and furthermore , opportunistic key plays in the governments involved.

"They feel they have an outlet for their internal problems and use it to stir up nationalist sentiment." López Nadal talks about a problem "with strong historical roots." "Apart from that in Asian countries, as opposed to a Europe that has the experience of the Second World War and the creation of the European Union, conflicts and feelings of revenge are very much alive." The rivalry, and aged between Thailand and Cambodia, the heirs of the kingdom of Ayutthaya and the Khmer empire, respectively, was further aggravated in colonial times.

The first, then Siam, was the only nation in all of Southeast Asia that did not fall into the hands of the metropolis, while Cambodia became part of French Indochina protectorate. "There's a 1904 treaty between Siam and France that is the source of the current problem, while giving rise to different interpretations concerning the delimitation of several areas around some temples." Among them, Ta Moan and Ta Krabey mentioned Preah Vihear, the most important.

"I remember having visited it once," reveals the degree in Law and Journalism 57. "Access from Cambodia is virtually impossible because there is a mountain ahead. So, curiously, the only way to get there is through Thailand." Preah Vihear was in 1962, starring in one of the most important decisions of the International Court of Justice in The Hague precedent regarding unilateral action by States and became an example of the English legal concept 'estoppel by representation' .

The Court ultimately determined that the temple belonged to Cambodia, Thailand agreed resolution "reluctantly" Lopez said Nadal. In 2008, moreover, was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco. The Spanish diplomat stressed the value of these archaeological remains and the "beautiful natural area" where they are located.

"A joint exploitation of tourism resources would have made sense, something that has not been able to do because of the intransigence of one another." In relation to a hypothetical output so entrenched conflict, expresses its confidence in the "pressure from neighboring countries and the United Nations itself," a position that defends Cambodia and Thailand rejects.

Finally, throw a hopeful message: "Examining the culture of each other, there is a common element of Buddhist values. The people are very reluctant to as much as conflict, violence ... While nationalist sentiments are very much alive, I think most people in both countries will not work for the situation to degenerate into an uncontrollable war.


No comments:

Post a Comment