Friday, April 29, 2011

Already more than 1,300 million Chinese

More and more Chinese in China. The last census conducted by the authorities of the People's Republic figure the amount by 1.339 million. While some demographers estimated that the increase would come to 1,400, the official figure exceeds last count, conducted in 2000, which provided a total of 1.256 million.

Apart from this increase of 5.9%, yielding an average annual growth rate of 0.57%, the census also states that the country is aging. The 13.26% of the population is over 60 years, an increase of 2.93 percentage points over the past decade. Of this proportion, 8.87% had exceeded the barrier of 65.

According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics of China, people in up to 14 years represented 16.60% (6.29 percentage points below the previous record), while those between 15 and 59 make up the largest segment (70.14%). The count states, in turn, that China is experiencing a relentless urbanization.

What is already the second largest economy after the U.S. has nearly half the population (49.7%) living in cities. The increase compared to 2000 is significant, because in that year, 36.9% lived in urban areas, although it is noteworthy that the two counts used different methods. "It is significant that for the first time China moves from being a largely of people who practice agriculture an urbanized society," said Wang Feng, director of Tsinghua Brooking Institute.

According to this expert, "the low fertility and population growth mean that China will in the future fewer young workers, while the aging process reveals a higher than expected one or two decades ago." "The data from this survey show that our country is facing some tensions and challenges of population, economy and social development, acknowledged Ma Jiantang, head of the National Bureau of Statistics.

Birth strict policies imposed by the Communist government as the standard of "one child per family" that affects the majority of urban families, has succeeded in slowing the growth rate and leave less than 1%. These results could encourage Beijing to ease restrictions on family planning, although for many urban couples that truly affects the decision to have children is the high cost of living and maintenance costs of the children.

China has recorded a total of 401,517,330 households. The average size of each household is of 3.10 persons, 0.34 less than the 2000 count. By gender, 51.27% corresponds to 48.73 varoneslos and women. Figures released also show that the proportion of Han Chinese stood at 91.51% but is less than 0.08% at last count.

No comments:

Post a Comment