Monday, May 23, 2011

South Sudan believes that Abyei is making a "declaration of war"

London. .- The People's Liberation Army sursudanés Sudan (SPLA) has denounced the military takeover of the town of Abyei by Sudanese Army is a "declaration of war" that violates the peace agreement signed in 2005, culminating in July with the secession of southern Sudan. Abyei is not included in the territory to monitor the independence, but they claim as their own.

"If the international community does not intervene quickly, be a complete violation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, an absolute violation of the cease-fire and a declaration of war by Khartoum," stated a spokesman for the SPLA, Colonel Philip Aguer in Speaking to the BBC. Another spokesman for the SPLA, Raphael Gorgeu, explained that thousands of people have fled the area in the direction of Agok, some 45 kilometers south of Abyei, and the escape to the south continues.

MSF figure of 20,000 civilians have fled, almost all of the people of Abyei. Gorgeu has claimed that the central army of 5,000 soldiers has been used in making the city during the attack killed both civilians and SPLA soldiers. This same Sunday, the Sudanese government on Sunday confirmed the decision of Abyei.

"The Sudanese armed forces are controlled Abyei and clearing it of illegal forces," stated the Minister of State for Presidential Affairs, Amin Hassan Omar, told the media from Khartoum. Under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005, Abyei only allows the presence of police officers and military personnel from Sudan and Southern Sudan through a joint force in cooperation with the UN.

However, Juba, capital of southern Sudan, and Khartoum has deployed its own troops and heavy weapons, according to satellite imagery and United Nations. Last month, Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir said he would not recognize the independence of the new country until this region no longer claim sovereignty over Abyei, one of the highlights of the draft new Constitution of Southern Sudan.

Sudan and South Sudan province have fought a civil war since 1955 for oil and ethnic and religious issues. The conflict, which ended in 2005 with the signing of a ceasefire, killing two million people. The deal has enabled the holding of a referendum on self determination in southern Sudan that will culminate in July with the proclamation of independence.

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