Sunday, June 5, 2011

Nearly 9,000 civilians have died in the conflict in Afghanistan in the last four years

NATO has made known to Hamid Karzai that the bombing in Afghanistan will continue, despite complaints from Afghan President constant errors by international troops in China, causing civilian deaths. This Sunday, exactly, is expected to chief commander of foreign forces in Afghanistan, U.S. General David Petraeus, joins Karzai to address this issue, after about a week of NATO bombing provoked the death of 14 civilians in Helmand province, including 12 creatures.

It was the straw that broke the glass. This Saturday, including U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, has lamented "deep" these losses, reports the French news agency AFP. The death of civilians due to war, however, is common in Afghanistan, despite their monitoring does not appear in any public statistics.

Unlike military casualties, whose count if you can follow daily on a special website-www. icasualties. org, nobody knows the civilians who die every day in the country. Perhaps to avoid further sensitivities. Only at the end of the year the United Nations Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) published a report with the quantity.

The figure makes the hair stand on end: in the last four years, from 2007 to 2010, 8,830 civilians have died because of war. Some of the mistakes of international troops, but others by the action of the insurgency. Military casualties in the same period of time totaling 1,759. Five times less than those of civilians.

The worst thing is that both a low and others have been increasing year after year until peaking in 2010: 2,777 civilians were killed last year and 711 foreign soldiers. Of the 2,777 civilians killed, three quarters are attributable to the insurgency. That is, a total of 2,080 deaths, representing an increase of 28% compared to 2009.

For their part, international and Afghan troops killed 440 civilians, 26% less than in 2009. The increase in civilian casualties by the action of the insurgency was mainly due to the Taliban last year ordnance used larger and more sophisticated. In fact, 1,141 civilians were killed by such devices or suicide attacks.

Too many died killed at close range, a practice that the Taliban had done in previous years, but intensified in 2010, so that was panicking civilians, especially in southern Afghanistan. No wonder. Last year insurgents killed at close range to 462 civilians. In the case of international forces, the majority of civilian casualties due to bombing.

A total of 171 people died from that cause in 2010, although it is noted that this figure represents a decrease of 52% over the previous year. This shows that the strategy paid off driven by General Stanley McChrystal, chief commander of international troops in Afghanistan from June 2009 to June 2010, when he had to resign for controversial comments about the magazine 'Rolling Stone'.

McChrystal ordered in July 2009 that limited air support in military operations by international troops in order to reduce the number of civilian casualties. Since General Petraeus took over from McChrystal in July last year, however, the opposite has occurred. Petraeus advocates a more expeditious, based on operations of U.S.

Special Forces and night raids. The numbers speak for themselves. In the first half of 2010, when McChrystal was head of international forces, 69 civilians killed by bombing. In the second half, with Petraeus at the helm, the death toll reached 102. As for the civilians killed this year, data are not yet official.

This will need to wait for the end of the year.

No comments:

Post a Comment