Saturday, May 28, 2011

The G8 wants to promote democracy in Arab countries

"What a beautiful sunset!" Said Angela Merkel have to look through the glass how the sun was hiding behind the line of the sea. It was 20.00 hours in Deauville Ciro's restaurant and the eight presidents of the G8 dined quietly with his counterparts from Tunisia and Egypt, invited to the banquet to tell first hand the urgent needs of countries.

"It was a special moment that demonstrates the good atmosphere that has prevailed in this summit," Sarkozy said Friday in a press conference closing ceremony. He looked happy to head the French state. In their eyes, the G8 has come out beautifully. The incredible security measures (12,000 police and soldiers moved) managed to push the anti-demonstrators, who prepare a morning ceremony in the nearby town of Le Havre.

The eight super-powers have agreed on most issues on the table. "And until we had good weather. In short, a time all the good that can be in Normandy," he joked Sarko. During his final statement, the Chirac reviewed some of the key points of the 2011 summit between the superpowers. Points are properly developed in the official statement 'G8 Deauville: a new impulse for freedom and democracy.

" And to be allowed to comment on some issues outside the official program but have come to light, inevitably, during these two days of discussions and conviviality. The official statement is 23 pages sommet tight lyrics that start with a rather revealing sentence: "In these times of turmoil, we, the Heads of State and Government of the Group of 8, we reaffirm our deep commitment to the freedom and democracy are universal values.

" And then follows with a list of seven general issues of concern to the G8 in a matter of geopolitics and development aid and proposed solutions or actions that will implement the short to medium term. In short, are these: The G8 offers its support to Japan to overcome the earthquake disaster and the subsequent accident Fukushima nuclear plant in Fukushima Daishi.

Has confidence in Japan's government to manage the crisis and provide continuous information on the evolution of nuclear danger. Japan has ensured that all exported products are safe and stresses that the G8 should be subjected to strict scientific controls, while cautioning that the tragedy should serve in the future to promote higher standards of nuclear safety.

The network of networks have become a first class public space and a growing global economic engine of the XXI century and the G8 has invited top industry leaders to explore ways to control it. They are aware of their responsibilities with regard to intellectual property, the prosecution of criminal activities such as pedophilia and digital tax.

But have also been reluctant to put controls that restrict freedom. The e-G8 Forum will be repeated annually and the leaders of the digital age with the commission will make proposals to the group of superpowers. The Group of Eight welcomed the signs of global economic recovery, while the countries involved are reported determined to consolidate their public finances and control costs.

Also, according to the G20, are committed to expanding the field of development aid, reduce the volatility of commodity prices, strengthening the international monetary system ... Also, welcome Russia's efforts to enter the World Trade Organization, were in favor of free trade, innovation considered an essential factor for growth, claiming international cooperation in research, support all green growth initiatives (ie is linked to environmental practices), are concerned about the use of energy resources ...

What happened in Japan confirms that there is a constant need for reevaluation of nuclear safety and the G8 is determined in the future to promote the highest levels of control on this subject. Calls to countries that have not signed the Nuclear Safety Convention to do so and announced that the next meeting of this Convention, scheduled for 2012, will be asked to maximize the controls.

The eight super pledge to fight to reduce by 50% the emission of gases by 2050. They claim the spirit of the Cancún conference and Copenhagen and anticipate that the next international meeting in Durban require all emerging efforts in environmental policy. The G8 remember that development assistance is one of their top priorities and noted that its members take 85% of spending on food security, 78% of funding for the fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, 44% of the fight against polio and 70% of ODA (Official Development Assistance), in 2010, is 89,250 million euros.

The Group of Eight calls for immediate end to the use of force against civilians in Libya and is committed to supporting the political transition in this country, while stating that Gaddafi has lost all legitimacy and must leave. Syria also warns about the repression and asks to be freed political prisoners.

Calls upon Israel and the Palestinian Authority to reach an understanding, according to the peace proposal made on May 19 by Barack Obama. Condemns the use of violence in Yemen. Is concerned about the loss of fundamental rights in Iran. And, referring to this country, pointing also to respect the resolutions of the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

Otherwise, they threaten to take action. On the other hand, condemns the provocative behavior of North Korea regarding its uranium enrichment program and weapons testing. Proposed a conference on a nuclear weapons free zone in the Middle East. Declares the death of Osama Bin Laden as a step in the fight against terrorism will only be effective through international collaboration and the banishment of radicalism.

Welcomes the joint action plan launched in 2011 against the trafficking of cocaine. Reaffirms its support for a stable Afghanistan. Calls on Pakistan to resolve its serious internal problems and suggests the crucial importance as a means of education. Expresses its concern for the escalating violence in Zimbabwe and there commitment to organize free and transparent elections.

Apart from these official points, Sarkozy had time to discuss current political issues such as aid to 28,000 million euros to revive the economy of Tunisia and Egypt ("we want to help consolidate democracy in the countries of the Arab spring") The DSK affair ("it is a shame for France because Strauss-Kahn does not represent our country, but the IMF), U.S.

support for the candidacy of the gala Minister of Economy Christine Lagarde, to replace the front DSK the body ("Obama made public his decision when he sees fit, but I appreciate the words for Hillary Clinton and I do not have an opinion different from the president, right?"), the Greek crisis (the EU will support Greece until the end.

The euro can not touch because there is no Europe without the euro) or even the creation, in the years ahead, a G8 Youth along the lines of e-G8 and inspired by the claims of the Puerta del Sol ("I have every sympathy for the Spanish youth, although I do not think their claims are similar to those of young Arabs.") So far lasted the G8.

The next summit of the superpowers, under the French presidency of the G20 will be in Cannes, 3 and 4 November 2011.

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