Thursday, June 16, 2011

UNITED STATES - An Obama tactics against the Arab Spring

Following the reactions of President Obama deal with uprisings cascade that took place this year in the Middle East, it seems to assist the efforts of U.S. Army engineers who are racing to protect a city against flooding Mississippi [particularly strong this year]. Each week seems to be accompanied by a new challenge.

Barack Obama argued Hosni Mubarak until it is clear that the Army would let him go, then, when the Egyptian president was ousted, he manifested. He stacked sandbags to protect his friends in Bahrain while blowing up the dikes around his old enemy Libya. The leaders of Yemen and Syria refuse to follow the course of the waves as Washington shows them the fall looming in the distance.

This inconsistency has surprised some allies of the United States. Even the White House, officials struggled to explain why the entry in March of Saudi forces in Bahrain to restore calm merited a press release lenient, while the forces of Qaddafi in Libya [which severely repressed the dispute] were bombed.

"Pragmatism is fine, but against all this, we must ask certain principles," said one of them in April. That is precisely what the president tried to May 19 in his speech at the State Department. He explained that he was now ready to make traditional American values [the promotion of democracy] the "first priority" of his foreign policy.

Even in the worst circumstances, he said, "there should be no doubt that the United States welcomes the changes that advance self-determination. After accepting the world for decades as the region, we have a chance to build it as it should be. "Barack Obama will be in Europe from May 22 to 28, and the question is how to What president participants of the G8 summit in Deauville will matter.

The pragmatic hardcore who bombed Benghazi to avoid a massacre, then violated the sovereignty of Pakistan to liquidate Osama bin Laden? Or former law professor who has promised 400 million people - including dissidents in Bahrain and Iran who feel abandoned, "If you take the risk that the reform entails, you will have our full support." This is only part of doctrine, "observes Vali Nasr, who left the State Department a month ago.

"It sets the ideal, but it must be accompanied by an implementation. We can not put pressure on countries that we do not like and do not do the same for those we need. Ultimately, the president will have to stick to the same principles with Bahrain with Libya or Syria. "Barack Obama apparently finds that in the immediate future, it needs only a half- doctrine.

For months, many Arabs have treated the opportunistic, accusing him of using the uprisings to his advantage in some Middle East and ignore them when they threatened to affect the oil markets or messing U.S. strategy to contain Iran. He could no longer keep silent about its principles. "The president wanted to join a clear and unequivocal change in the region," said Benjamin J.

Rhodes, his adviser on national security. "He had to step back and say that not only supports the aspirations of the people we've seen on the streets, but also their long-term interests." It is no less risky to compare the Arab uprisings American Revolutionary War or the Civil Rights Movement.

During the first five months of the protest movement, Obama and evaluated daily in each case what the U.S. interests to protect. However, after his speech, the president will see his actions judged by the principles he brought to the forefront May 19 If the royal family of Bahrain continues to listen to King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia - which has sent troops to Bahrain in order to counter any threat from its neighbor Iran - The president will he openly cut ties with the Saudis ? Such an assumption seems highly unlikely even though gasoline sells for four dollars a gallon [more than $ 1 per liter] and that Iran poses a growing threat.

If the dispute through Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood to increase in power and threatens the peace agreement between Israel and Egypt, the President will he promise of debt relief and loans? "We believe there is an exception Brotherhood 'assistance program," he recently told a strategist of the president.

In his speech, Barack Obama did not consider such cases (or even mention the Saudis), because the situation in the Middle East is complicated enough without it having to discuss any difficult decisions. But in interviews with his entourage, the President made it clear that in subscribing to a long-term goal of self-determination he secured leeway until next year.

"There will be times when our short-term interests do not coincide perfectly with our long-term goals," he said in his speech, without indicating how he would deal with such contradictions. During the first two years of its mandate, the head of state has hardly mentioned the democratic changes as a primary objective.

But now he begins to present itself as the heart of an "argument to counter" the theology of al-Qaeda or Iran. "The fact that the conflict in Iraq is losing intensity and that bin Laden no longer alive, opens new horizons," said Benjamin J. Rhodes.

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