Thursday, June 16, 2011

SPAIN - These pamphlets that pave the way for the revolt

The appeal of this man Stéphane Hessel crossed the borders of France to sound in Spanish society, facing a crisis sistema. In Spain, his book indignation you! (¡Indignaos!, Editions Destino) is reinforced by a glowing foreword by José Luis Sampedro, also born in 1917. Without turning away from life or the struggle they have consistently pursued the two men, despite the difficulties of age, give us a lesson in strength and consistency.

After 94 years of a rich trajectory and an unwavering commitment is the same concern about the excesses of society that unites them. The 19 pages of indignation you seem to inaugurate the rebirth of the pamphlet, very old genre that attempts to satisfy the need to convey ideas against the tide in difficult times.

Kind which, moreover, in all countries and all ages, has always been the target of the authorities. It is in the nature of being human to want to criticize and denounce even if the power does not tolèrere. Philippics heir of Greek and Roman libels, the pamphlet through the Middle Ages defined as a satirical writing and / or defamatory.

For some authors, the term comes from the title of a play from the twelfth century, Pamphilus seu de Amor, which would eventually describe a genre in itself. Later, in the last third of the eighteenth century, the pamphlets are written policy and became the ideological impetus of the American and French democratic revolutions.

They emerged as defendants to the established order, with the goal of being able to spread rapidly outside their traditional channels were closed. But it was in the nineteenth century that they know their golden age. The labor movement used the pamphlet to publicize their ideology and incite liberating actions - of course, culminates with the kind Communist Manifesto (1848).

In Spain, are still preserved in the pamphlets of the nineteenth penmanship, calling for an uprising against the Napoleonic invasion. And under Franco, the octavillas [leaflets in octavo] were exercises risky challenge, calls to rebellion against an oppressive dictatorship. Explains the resemblance of the return periods of current social and political pamphlet.

While the nineteenth century saw a great convulsion caused by industrialization and the rise of the working class, today we are witnessing profound transformations that are cutting down on social rights and labor rights acquired since . Only difference: the employee's twenty-first century is considered, at least in Spain, as a member of the "middle class", and it does not mufti.

Almost nobody does. However, the new pamphlet digs its groove with a rare force, with assistance, as often, the word-of-mouth, devouring the "pensée unique" official, fighting resignation and cowardice. So that ¡Indignaos! the book is already non-fiction best-selling Spanish Reacción ["react"], deepening of the Spanish situation, moved up to third rank in a few weeks.

This time, it Hessel who signed the foreword of this book that opens a rich exchange with José Luis Sampedro lifting the carpet that hides the view the miserable reality: "We lure people by offering them the freedom of expression while denying them the freedom to think. " Like him, Federico Mayor Zaragoza, former Director General of Unesco, talks about radical changes to be undertaken: "The time has come to 'bail out' people!".

But economics is not the only sector where this little book speaks, for the simple reason that it is not the only one affected by this crisis. A whole new generation scammed (in the words of journalist Ignacio Escolar), a misinformed, the breakup of science, education and culture, who are the true foundation of progress, these are the consequences an unjust system.

Meetings and meetings of the nineteenth and twentieth century seem to have relocated on social networks and the Internet, with enormous power amplification. In this ocean of information overcrowded, where the major broadcast media in a quasi-uniform dominant culture, the need for compasses, periscopes and radar is acute.

Therefore, printed or digital, a pamphleteer literature - whose quality belies the criticism that accompanied the genre - is now spawning a path, without losing its critical spirit. These short texts and speak directly with a virulence full of good reasons. Two nonagenarians, rich history of several decades of living and analyzed, opening a path that many already eager to follow, to be indignant, and to react.

It would be folly to ignore them.

No comments:

Post a Comment