Wednesday, May 11, 2011

Nigeria investigate post-election violence which left some 500 dead

Nigeria has taken a step toward reconciliation with the announcement of the creation of a commission to investigate the violence that swept the country last April following the presidential election. This was announced Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan, who has appointed a commission of 22 members shed light on the violent events that put the quarter note in the Nigerian electoral process.

As reported by Efe, the former Grand Kadi of the northern state of Niger, Sheikh Ahmed, a local Muslim, will head the commission that will investigate the circumstances and perpetrators of violence in just a few weeks left five hundred dead and thousands displaced in the north of Africa's most populous country.

Nigeria, with 150 million inhabitants, three ambitious held in April elections (parliamentary, presidential and gubernatorial elections) that resulted in few changes to maps, but again brought out of ethnic hatred between the Muslim north and South Christian afflicting the country. The news comes as the commission have come to light information on the refusal of the violent Islamic sect Boko Haram - responsible for killings and bombings in northern Nigeria - to accept the amnesty offer by the regional government of Borno state.

"We reject any offer of dialogue or call [...] amnesty because they believe in the Nigerian constitution and why not believe in democracy. Just believe in Allah's law", said Monday a spokesman for the sect told the BBC. The radical group - whose name means "Western education is sinful '- struggle to impose Islamic law throughout Nigeria, a country with 36 federal states where half the population professes the religion of Mohammed.

In the weeks before the campaign for the April elections, Boko Haram launched a wave of attacks and bombings that undoubtedly helped to destabilize a region already fragile where every so often erupt in violence. According to security sources cited by the agency 'Reuters', there is "mounting evidence" that show the links between Nigerian cult and al Qaeda Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), the armed wing of the terrorist network with a presence in North Africa and Niger .

Apparently, AQIM was financed activities would Boko Haram and trained members in camps near the border with Nigeria. Moreover, in political terms, Nigeria could be entering a path of instability after the main opposition party - the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) of Muhammadu Buhari - announced yesterday that the courts take the hegemonic party Democratic People (PDP) for alleged electoral fraud in the south.

The party's current president, Goodluck Jonathan, won 59% of the vote compared to 32% of the CCP, which won the most votes in the north but failed to unseat the PDP. Faced with opposition complaints, the main international observer mission described the respective appointments to the polls in April of the best organized since the advent of democracy in 1999, while reported cases of theft of ballot boxes located.

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