Thursday, May 19, 2011

USA - Redistributing political maps

Over the past ten years, some U.S. cities are emptied of their black population, who emigrated in the outer suburbs. A move that could help the Republicans in the next election, says The Washington Post. Indeed, lawmakers have just started the general redistricting, one that takes place once a decade.

And migration of the black population could be a crucial political leverage. In redrawing districts for isolating and concentrating black voters, potentially Democrats, Republicans, who took control of many states this fall, increasing their chances of winning the other districts. This is particularly true of the second electoral district of Louisiana, who has just been redistributed according to a prima facie inconsistent.

Except that this new district, all in length, stretching from north of Baton Rouge to the south-east of New Orleans, includes a large portion of the population African-American state. The calculation is simple: the Republicans will lose for sure that district, but will benefit in the other five districts of the state.

Of all the U.S., according to figures from the last census, eight districts in overwhelmingly black countries have lost more than 10% of African-American residents. Including Michigan, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Georgia.

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