Saturday, April 2, 2011

Kissinger policy

Says Jean Daniel, in early 70's, Raymond Aron and he often saw in Paris to Henry Kissinger, then at the height of his power as national security adviser and later secretary of state for President Nixon. Aron admired the superb skill with which Kissinger set out the details of geopolitics and its influence on the evolution of nations.

During a dinner at Pierre Salinger, former press adviser to President Kennedy, there was a lively exchange of views between Aron and Kissinger. Aron was expressed in these terms: "Henry, I had not been able to order the bombing of Cambodia and then go to sleep so peaceful." To which Kissinger, imposing, impassive, replied through clenched teeth: "Dear Raymond, nobody would have thought you entrust such a mission." The answer is brilliant and shows the sharpness and the ability to seduce the character, but raises another more fundamental question: why did Henry Kissinger could go to sleep at night after ordering the bombing of Cambodia? Exists in the work of artists-writers, musicians, painters ...

- a common thread, sometimes very underground and more evident that its entire production gives a certain unity and coherence and the similarity goes beyond providing a unified style . It is, in short, a dominant trait, which is the axis of all their production and can be identified. So it is with philosophers, thinkers and researchers, is perceptible in all his books and articles a basic idea, which is the deep root of all subsequent work.

So it is with Henry Kissinger. Kissinger's first book, his doctoral thesis "A world is restored, the study European policy of Metternich and Castlereagh, Austrian and British statesmen who drew the map of Europe after the Napoleonic seizure, and articulated a system of balances and alliances for to perpetuate the hegemony of those who wielded a result of his victory over Napoleon.

Metternich, Kissinger, the real architect, the hero of this success, which, according to Judt, always returns in his later work, like Diplomacy, which devotes a special emphasis to the system devised by Metternich, which not only considers an example of the past, but also a model for the future.

Therefore, after the fall of communism, "is expected" in his words, to develop something like Metternich system. " What is not a simple desire, but an actual establishment of the target should aspire to American diplomacy, much influenced in his opinion, by Wilsonian idealism and needed to regain the necessary realism that is needed for a strong and effective defense own national interests.

Hence, he says, "victory in the Cold War has been working to EE. UU. a world that has many similarities with the European state system of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, "because" the international system that lasted no more than a great war was the one that emerged after the Congress of Vienna combined the legitimacy and stability, common values and a diplomacy based on the balance of power.

" "Balance of Power": This is the formula. A formula of the axiom that the world must be governed by the major powers, whose interests must bend the other states. A formula that requires taking power and exercise it with "realism", ie without fuss and expeditiously when its use is necessary to preserve their own hegemony and maintain that balance, although Kissinger did not use preventive defense.

And a formula, in short, Kissinger allowed to go to sleep at night after President Nixon ordered the bombing of Cambodia to his suggestion and, indeed, almost without informing anyone else. This last detail, without informing anyone else, almost put on the track of the first great objection that can be made to the policy of Kissinger.

Metternich responded only to the emperor, but now the events can be perceived by everyone, no matter what place and at any time, which means that the foreign policy of a country is subject to the limits of a pluralistic democracy, constitutional , to convince voters and parties with which they agree.

The second objection to the Kissinger policy is even more fundamental. In a global world characterized by the diffusion-dissemination of information, diffusion of power, distribution of the ability to act with violence ... - will not be possible to maintain a stable international order that is not based on their acceptance, broadly shared by most states.

No state, however strong, alone or in teams, "never will and strength to put the world into line, the benefit of particular interest. It is idle to review some of these ideas, in light of what is happening in Libya

No comments:

Post a Comment