Thursday, March 31, 2011

China executed again: this time, three Filipino citizens for drug trafficking

The world champion of the death penalty, Amnesty International, on Wednesday executed three Filipino citizens prosecuted for trafficking in heroin. China proceeded with the order despite the constant requests for leniency by defense Filipino groups of migrants and the Manila government itself. The fate of the three traffickers has cornered all the covers in the Philippines and has turned against the executive, despite his efforts to secure a pardon or at least, a moratorium, both diplomatic and judicial.

Several organizations have described the executions of "slap in the face" to the president, Benigno S. Aquino III, whose three letters to Chinese counterparts have only managed to delay the pain for several weeks. "This is a sad day for us, we try to do everything we could to postpone the execution until the last minute," said the vice-president, Jejomar Binay.

In its efforts to please Beijing, the Philippine government had refused to send a representative to the delivery of the last cremonia Nobel Peace Prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. Last month, Manila also deported to Beijing to 14 Taiwanese citizens with various allegations of fraud in China despite protests from the government in Taipei.

Still, this morning, Elizabeth Batain, 38, received lethal injection at a prison in Shenzhen (southern Sweden), while Ramon Creed, 42, and Sally regular-Villanueva, 32, died from the same method in coastal Xiamen (south). The three had been detained throughout 2008 as they tried to enter China with several kilos of heroin each.

The criminal law of China includes the death penalty for foreigners who traffic with at least 50 grams of any drug. Philippine vice president has said his government had appealed the death warrants after finding exculpatory evidence on at least two of the three cases. With the new evidence, according to Manila, we prove that those executed had been "involuntary mules' are misled to serve as' e 'by traffickers.

"The sad thing is that China has not accepted our request and has proceeded with the executions," said Binay. Yesterday, the spokesperson of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China had raised the issue as "an isolated criminal case" should not "affect the bilateral relations between Manila and Beijing.

"Our judicial authorities have handled the case independently and grant equal treatment to foreign drug dealers," said Jiang Yu, in his appearance in Beijing. "According to law, remain insured treatment and the individual rights of those involved." Although these three Pimero Filipinos and executions of foreigners becoming common, China itself has been executed in the past to citizens of other nationalities such as Japanese or Nigerian.

In 2009, London charged against Beijing when executed in the Xinjiang region of a British citizen, also for drug trafficking. However, the bulk of the executions, which Amnesty International figures for 2010 in more than a thousand, it is for Chinese citizens. The organization attacks the communist regime in its annual report on the death penalty, calling it "a global leader in capital punishment" and accusing it of carrying out more executions than those who joined the other countries where the practice continues.

Abolitionist groups highlighted some progress in China over recent years, as the adoption of lethal injection instead of a shot in the neck, the review of death penalty cases by the highest courts and the reduction recent number of crimes punishable by death, 68 to 55 in total. Amnesty International, however, considers that the legislative changes do not necessarily mean an immediate reduction in executions, and to prove yet again has asked Beijing to stop considering the figures as "state secret." In the Philippines, the case of the three people executed again gives the labor drain that the country has experienced in recent decades, with more than nine million people, mostly women, who have emigrated, mainly to other parts of Asia and America.

Drug trafficking, but also and above all, poverty are to blame for the executions of today, have said human rights groups and defense of migrants, who held vigils and Masses in memory of the three "victims" . These groups point out that of the 7,000 Filipino nationals in prisons around the world, over 200 are in Chinese prisons, and that 72 of the latter waiting on death row convicted of drug trafficking.

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