Tuesday, March 15, 2011

Fukushima puts an end to nuclear energy in Germany

Fukushima has put an end to nuclear energy in Germany. Japanese wave has swept away a technology whose theoretical foundations were laid in this country makes a hand siglode Albert Einstein and other scientists, on an axis running from a patent office in Bern at various laboratories in Berlin. The tsunami kills more unpopular decision taken by the coalition government in September: the aging of the 17 nuclear power plants.

Fukushima gives reason to a social majority tanned by a civil-nuclear movement with 33-year history. Merkel could only limit the damage, and has done so for three months to suspend its decision of September. Congress in Vienna in 1996, the tenth anniversary of the Chernobyl accident, was held in Vienna an international conference dedicated to the scientific debate on the human, social and health that catastrophe.

The event was closed by the German Environment Minister with a realistic statement that revealed the state of affairs: "We have had the courage to say that, at the present time, we know almost nothing." The minister was a PhD in physics youthful named Angela Merkel. Yesterday, the Chancellor took the bull by the horns with the same realism.

"We have to review everything." The "apocalyptic" Japanese situation suggests that "the unthinkable can happen" and "prevented from returning to the routine." "When a highly developed country like Japan can not overcome the consequences of an earthquake at its core, that has consequences for the world and for Germany, because it means a new situation," he said.

In Germany no tsunamis or earthquakes of the scale 9 is not relevant. The decisive factor is the situation: what happens after earthquake in Japan, elsewhere may occur for other reasons, attacks, accidents. The unthinkable is possible. It was therefore suspended for three months, the decision to expand half a dozen years the life of plants.

"There is a reprieve," he said, "the situation after the moratorium is not the same as before the moratorium." "We have a new situation to be analyzed carefully. In Frankfurt trading, shares of large German energy companies, with the expansion of the service were to join about 100,000 million and which had an irresistible political pressure to which he succumbed Merkel, fell 5%.

Chernobyl Chernobyl Japan was what became antinuclear the SPD, the Social Democratic Party with Willy Brandt and Helmut Schmidt had been decided to drive the technology. Had originally started in 1955 when Konrad Adenaduer decided to build the first prototype reactor near Karlsruhe. Those were times of optimism in which the philosopher Ernst Bloch evoked a nuclear paradise creator of "fruit and spring in the desert in the ice." In 1956 he created the first atomic energy ministry with the unforgettable Franz-Josef Strauss in charge.

The forecast was generated 80% of electricity in nuclear power plants. Today, generating 22% by this route, Merkel is on the nuclear issue one of the main factors that weigh down his government. When closing the German debate is not whether to surrender or not nuclear energy, but where: in 2020, as SPD and Green agreed to a 2000 law, or in 2036, as decided by the Chancellor with his march back in September.

Over 30 years of civil anti-nuclear movement and Harrisburg and Chernobyl accidents that are hidden, managed, completely discredit the technology, so much so that even politicians who defend it as his own Chancellor, speak of it as technology future, but as a "technology bridge" to a horizon dominated by renewables.

Dela beyond technical and security The German debate is more than a discussion about the safety of a technique whose standards of life than any human scale for the purpose of waste and accidents. It is also a matter of principle. In a system in which the views of ordinary people noticing it, disconnect the law of 2000 was experienced and recognized as a victory for social legitimacy.

The majority of Germans are against cuts in Social Status (80%) or against the intervention of troops in Afghanistan (60%), which does not prevent the parties representing 90% of citizens in the Bundestag and successive governments, whether left or right, completely ignored that feeling.

With nuclear was different. Greens First-born themselves as the party of anti-nuclear movement, and then the Social Democrats ended up endorsing the rejection of nuclear power plants. In an overview of growing civil dispossession, the absence of democracy in the true meaning of "people power" off the law of 2000, suggested that something had: after 20 years of mobilization of two generations of Germans The system recognized, after all, the will of the majority.

Extending the life of plants beyond 2020, Merkel and his rule ended with that rare expression of respect for their society. The financial crisis, with outrageous bank bailouts with public money had already angered the public. Much as in the media chronicled the episode was becoming outlaw is a debt problem, especially in the countries of southern Europe, caused by having "lived beyond our means" - which justify further cuts Social State, the irritation his way.

"Wütburger (angry citizen) was declared" word of the year "in Germany. Matter of principle in this context, in September, Merkel and her government decided to prolong the life of nuclear, yielding to pressure from major energy companies and mocking the expectations of those who thought, "We have been cheated with the crisis, ordinary people does not require or decide anything, but at least we impose the money on the nuclear issue.

" It turned out even that. Thus, an issue in the trivial background, close the plant in 2020 or last to do so in 2036, when Germany is surrounded on all sides of the nuclear plants of its neighbors, it became a matter of principle. Not only is a safety issue, but also of democracy, respect for the will of a social majority that is out on the streets, now with the participation of the grandchildren of those who founded the movement that in the last year has twice more than 100,000 demonstrators in the streets and in the coming weeks likely will help defeat conservative regions of Saxony-Anhalt, Baden-Wuerttemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate.

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